The Arts & Crafts Movement (1850-1014)
The Arts and Crafts Movement occurred during the years 1850 – 1914 flourishing in England and the United States. It thrived during 1880-1910 and continued its influence up to 1930s.
It was originated in England from the artist and writer William Morris and was inspired by the Art critic John Ruskin through his many writings.
The Movement also was a response from the Industrial Revolution (1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840), the idea behind the Movement was believed to be that “the Industrial revolution had made man less creative as ‘his’ craft skills had been removed from the manufacturing process”.
Therefore resulting as one goal in which the Movement was created to return man back into the creative arts.
- The Movement involved traditional artwork, such as textiles, typography and book printing (consisted of hand-crafted objects); it was also related with other design types such as architecture and interior design.
- The use of different colours and detailed patterns was a very dominant element used during these times, especially towards decorative designs in which were inspired by medieval, romantic and folk style decorations.
- It also enhanced craftsmanship among people and improved the standard of design especially after the Industrial Revolution and assisted in restructuring the economy.
During 1850-1914, there also were other historical design events such as Art Nouveau and the Vienna Secession.
The Arts and Crafts Movement also influenced movements that happened later on, such as the Bauhaus and Modernism: movements that related to the simplicity of design.
Characteristics for the different types of Arts and Crafts Movement include:
Simple craft work
Affordable for the general public
Manufactured in small numbers